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Small (general) common sense of air cargo transportation

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Small (general) common sense of air cargo transportation

Domestic air cargo transportation

• Domestic air cargo transportation refers to the transportation of goods originating, stopping and destination stations within the territory of the People's Republic of China.

• Domestic air cargo transportation is divided into general cargo transportation, emergency transportation, special transportation, charter cabin transportation and cargo escort.


Cargo shipping knowledge

• Specific requirements for shippers in air cargo transportation:

1. The consignment goods shall be filled out with the carrier's identity card or other valid identity documents to complete the consignment formalities to the carrier or its agent. If the carrier or its agent requests the issuance of a unit letter or other valid certificate, the shipper shall also provide it. The consignment government shall restrict the transportation of goods and the goods that need to go through the formalities with the relevant government departments such as public security and quarantine, and shall be accompanied by a valid certificate.

2. The shipper should carefully fill in the goods consignment book, be responsible for the authenticity and accuracy of the content filled in, and sign or seal the consignment book.

3. The basic contents of the consignment book include:

1) The full name and detailed address, telephone number and zip code of the specific unit or individual of the consignor and consignee;

2) the name of the goods;

3) the number of pieces of goods, packaging methods and signs;

4) the actual value of the goods;

5) the declared value of the goods;

6) General cargo transportation or urgent transportation;

7) Characteristics of the goods, storage and transportation, and other instructions.

4. For consignments that have different transportation conditions or cannot be transported together due to the nature of the goods, the consignment note should be filled out separately.


Specific requirements for cargo packaging for air cargo transportation:

1. The package of goods shall ensure that the goods will not be damaged, lost or leaked during transportation, and will not damage or contaminate aircraft equipment or other items.

2. The shipper shall properly package according to the nature and weight of the goods, the conditions of the transportation environment and the requirements of the carrier, using appropriate internal and external packaging materials and packaging forms. Precise, fragile, shock-proof, pressure-sensitive, non-invertible goods must have appropriate packaging measures to prevent damage to the goods. It is strictly forbidden to use straw bags or straw straps.

3. Items prohibited from transporting or restricting transportation, dangerous goods, valuables, confidential documents and materials are not allowed to be encased in the package of goods.

4. The shipper shall indicate the departure station, the arrival station and the shipper, the consignee's unit, name and detailed address on the outer packaging of each cargo.

5. The shipper shall post the air transport indicator label on the outer packaging of the goods according to the nature of the goods and in accordance with the specifications stipulated by the national standards.

6. When the shipper uses the old packaging, he must remove the old signs and stickers on the original packaging.

7. If the shipper consigns each piece of cargo, it shall affix or hang the carrier's cargo transport label as required.

8. The sum of the length, width and height of each package shall not be less than 40 cm.


The weight of air cargo is calculated by gross weight and the unit of measurement is kilograms. The mantissa weighing less than 1 kg is rounded off. When the weight of each air waybill is less than 1 kg, it is calculated as 1 kg. Valuables are calculated based on actual gross weight and are calculated in units of 0.1 kg.

For goods consigned by the shipper, if the gross weight per kilogram is more than RMB 20, the declared value of the goods may be handled, and the declared value surcharge shall be paid as required. The declared value of each shipper is generally not more than RMB 500,000. When the requirements for goods that have been checked in are changed, the declared value surcharge is not refundable.

For goods subject to urgent transport, the shipper shall indicate the date of shipment and the flight on the shipper, and the carrier shall ship it on the specified date and flight. It is necessary to apply for the joint dispatch of the goods, and the carrier must obtain the consent of the joint station to apply. Goods that are transported within a limited time are agreed by the shipper and the carrier on the date of arrival and are indicated on the shipper.


Goods arrival and delivery knowledge

Arrival notice and custodial matters

1. After the goods are delivered to the arrival station, unless otherwise agreed, the carrier or its agent will send a notice of arrival to the consignee. The notice includes both telephone and written forms. The arrival of the urgent goods will be notified within two hours after the arrival of the goods, and the general goods will be notified within 24 hours.

2. Ordinary goods and dangerous goods shall be kept for free for 3 days from the day after the notification of the arrival of the goods. After the overdue withdrawal, the carrier or its agent will collect the custodian fee as required.

3. Live animals, fresh perishables and other goods that need to be refrigerated and frozen are kept for free for 6 hours after arrival.

4. The valuables will be kept free of charge on the day of arrival at the destination.

5. The carrier is not liable if the consignee does not receive the notification of the arrival of the goods due to the delay of the carrier.

6. The goods are detained by the inspection authority or are stored in the carrier's warehouse due to violation of regulations, and the consignee or shipper shall bear the storage fee and other related expenses.

7. For animals, fresh perishables and other goods transported on a specified date and flight, the shipper shall be responsible for notifying the consignee of the arrival at the airport of the station.


Pick up procedure

1. The consignee picks up the goods with the arrival notice and my resident ID card or other valid identity documents; when entrusting others to pick up the goods, the consignee and the consignee's resident ID card or other valid are specified by the arrival notice and the consignment note. ID card delivery. If the carrier or its agent requests the issuance of a unit letter or other valid certificate, the consignee shall provide it.

2. The carrier delivers the consignee according to the number of goods listed on the freight bill. When the goods are found to be in short supply or damaged, the carrier and the consignee will be inspected on the spot, and if necessary, fill in the record of the cargo transportation accident and be signed or sealed by both parties.

3. When the consignee picks up the goods, if there is any objection to the state or weight of the outer packaging of the goods, it shall be checked or re-checked. After the consignee takes the goods and signs them on the shipper without objection, the goods are deemed to have been delivered.


The carrier shall have the right to deal with the goods consigned by the shipper that do not conform to the names listed on the shipper or when the goods are contained in the goods that are prohibited by the government from transporting or restricting transportation:

1. The departure station stops shipping, notifies the shipper to withdraw, and the freight is not refundable.

2. Stop the delivery at the transfer station, notify the shipper, the freight will not be refunded, and the freight will be inconsistent with the product name, and the freight will be collected according to the actual shipping segment.

3. At the arrival station, for the shipments whose product names do not match, the shipping cost will be checked.